Skip to content
On this page
🔥 Join our campaign to train 350 million activists!

Protest ideas 📣

List of creative protest tactics for activists
7 min read
Last update: Nov 19, 2023

In this chapter, you will find a list of over 100 creative protest ideas for your next action. From nonviolent civil disobedience to political activism, we have a guide for your type of activism.

Chapter quality: ⭐️⭐️ (2/5)

Related: Also check out our guide on how to organise a protest.

Types of activism

Before picking your protest tactic, you first need to decide what type of activism you would like to do. We organised our creative protest ideas into the following categories, loosely ordered from most to least rebellious:

  • ✊ Civil disobedience: challenging the system by breaking the law on purpose, for example using blockades, occupations or strikes.

  • 🛠 Alternative building: envisioning a different future, for example by building community gardens, introducing alternative local currencies, and constructing off-grid homes - alse called constructive program.

  • 🎨 Cultural activism (artivism): using creativity to draw attention to your cause, for example using theatre, music and brandalism.

  • 💻 Digital activism: making use of online platforms or using hacktivism to disrupt the digital world to make a point.

  • 💬 Raising awareness: Educating the public about the issues and solutions, for example using speeches, petitions, slogans, symbols and media campaigns.

  • 🗳 Political activism: acting within established political institutions to create change through policy, for example by running for office or organising succesful election campaigns.

  • ⚖️ Legal activism: forcing change by applying existing laws, for example through climate litigation (suing companies and governments based on environmental and human-right laws) .

  • 🤑 Financial activism: using monetary pressure to create change, for example through boycotts or shareholder activism

Action toolbox

Whatever your action, these practices will come in handy:

Local context

The local context across countries can impact activists trying to choose their protest tactics in various ways. For example, the level of repression, the media coverage, the public opinion, the legal framework, and the cultural norms can all influence the effectiveness and the risks of different forms of protest. Activists need to consider these factors carefully and adapt their strategies accordingly to achieve their goals.

⚠️ Urgent request: Please don't scroll away

We ask you, humbly, to help. We depend on donations to stay free and independent. But very few people decide to donate.

Activist Handbook trains 6000 new activists every month. We are a nonprofit and we have published over 450+ guides for change-makers.

We appreciate any donation, no matter how small. Give whatever you can afford this month:

Choose your tactic

You should pick your tactics based on your strategy. To help you get started, we created four broad categories. Tactics may fall under multiple categories. Also make sure to read our guide on how to choosing your tactic.

I want to…

List of tactics

Protests ✊

Protesting is great way to attract the attention of the public, either by gathering a large crowd or by doing something out of the ordinary.

Topics: March | Flash mob | Occupation | Direct action | Civil disobedience | Cultural disobedience | Human banner | Cacerolazo | Hunger strike | Banner drop | Citizen's arrest | Distributed action | Hoax | Lamentation (mourning) | Nonviolent resistance | Walking blockade

Creative 🎨

Activism can be beautiful. By using creative tactics you can make your movement stand out from the crowd.

Topics: Visual Identity | Posters | Stickers | Stamps | Film | Photography | Art | Theatre | Music | Artistic vigil

Digital 👩‍💻

There are many ways of digital activism. Some of them include sharing pictures and stories, building a network or sharing a certain hashtag, getting as many people as possible to sign a petition.

Topics: Petitions | Hacktivism

Informational 🎓

Sometimes having a conversation is better than shouting slogans. Informational tactics are there to start a public debate about certain topics, in the hope that the outcome of the debate will lead to societal change.

Topics: Education | Door-to-door canvassing | Leafletting | Hosting a talk or debate | Journalism | Whistleblowing | Blogging | Novels

Institutional 🏛

By joining existing institutions one can make change happen from within. Institutional tactics create societal change while following the rules of the existing system.

Topics: Voting | Running for office | Judicial | Corporate

Financial 🤑

Topics: Boycott | Divestment | Shareholder

“A good tactic is one that your people enjoy. If your people are not having a ball doing it, there is something very wrong with the tactic.”

Saul Alinsky (Rules for Radicals, p.94)


What is a protest tactic?

A tactic is a specific action or method that is used to achieve a goal or objective in the context of activism and protesting. Tactics can be diverse and creative, such as marches, sit-ins, boycotts, strikes, petitions, graffiti, banners, etc. Tactics can also be violent or nonviolent, depending on the situation and the message. The choice of tactics depends on various factors, such as the target audience, the resources available, the risks involved, the ethical principles, and the desired outcome.

What types of tactics exist?

There are many tactics that activists use. To bring order into the chaos, we chose one particular categorisation based on search engine optimization research. In other words, we created our categories based on the terms people use to find various types of tactics on Google. However, other ways of categorising tactics are also possible. Read chapter 3 of Civil Resistance in the 21st Century by ICNC for more context.

Case studies

This section still needs to be written. Add case studies of tactics that activists tried. What worked, and what didn't, and why? And what nearly worked? What else may have worked?

Improve this page


When improving this chapter, focus on the following:

  • Find a better way to organise this list of tactics

  • Make a default article template for how to discuss a tactic, so that every article has the same structure setup (e.g. examples, materials needed, steps to organise)

Suggested new chapter organization

Goals of the chapter:

  • Helping people connect the dots between their strategy and the tactics they use (the actions you organise should

  • Encourage creativity and diversity in tactics (if activism is boring, it's not newsworthy)

Filter our recommended tactics based on the way you would like to achieve change (using a combination is recommended! Tactics may fall into multiple categories):

  • 🎨 I want to use creativity (cultural disruption) to get attention: useful to be visible and put things on the agenda

    • Suggested SEO title: not sure (possibly: "Creative protest ideas", we might also want to change the title of the chapter to "protest ideas" which is much more popular than "protest tactics")
  • ✊ I want to use civil disobedience (legal disruption) to create pressure: useful if you want to force decision makers to listen to you, to challenge those in power -

    • Suggested SEO title: 'Civil disobedience' would be a perfect title, lots of monthly searches, 'direct action' is a good second choice, but it's searched less and there's some clothing company that would be competing with us and would probably win.
  • 🛠 I want to build alternatives to show a different world is possible: useful if people cannot envision what a better world might look like, not to accept the status quo

    • Suggested SEO title: not sure, 'alternative building' has an acceptable number of monthly searches, but we might want to look a bit further to see if there are any other terms more frequently used to describe this type of activism
  • 💬 I want to encourage conversations with bystanders: useful if you want to grow and broaden your movement, if you want to change minds

    • Suggested SEO title: raising awareness
  • 🗳 I want to work within governmental institutions to create change: useful if you want to convert public support into policy

    • Suggested SEO title: not sure, 'political activism' has an acceptable number of monthly searches (downside of course is that all activism is political. On the other hand, 'politics' is commonly understood as 'governmental institutions'. We might want to look a bit further to see if there are any other terms more frequently used to describe this type of activism.
  • ⚖️ I want to work within legal institutions to create change: useful if you see an opportunity to create change by applying existing legislation

    • Suggested SEO title: legal activism?
  • 🤑 I want to work within financial institutions to create change: useful if you see an opportunity to make decision makers listen to you through monetary incentives

    • Suggested SEO title: financial activism?

And a section called 'action toolbox', that covers tools you can use with many different tactics. For example:

  • Artist tools: Painting banners, paper mache,

  • Digital tools: Hacktivism

  • Etc.

Questions activist may have

  • What tactic should I use?

  • What tactics are most effective?

  • How to I use this tactic?

  • Step-by-step, how do I organise this tactic?

  • Give me some inspiration for creative activist tactics

Search keywords

Search keywords

Monthly global searches


activism types



protest tactics



protest ideas



creative protest tactics






banner making



hand signals



hand signals protest



hand signals activism



action tactics



activist tactics



tactical action



activism workshop



action workshop



activist actions

*According to Semrush

External resources


We're building the Wikipedia for activists

And you can help us. Join our our international team, or start a local group of writers.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike logo
You can reuse this content!
Just make sure to give attribution to Activist Handbook and read our licence for the details. Want to use our logo? Read our design guide.
All our work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence, unless otherwise noted.
Improve this page!